Flooring Hardness Chart


Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring. The higher the number the harder the wood. These ratings were determined using the Janka Hardness Test.


The Janka (or side) hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. This is one of the best measures of the ability of wood species to withstand denting and wear. It is also a good indicator of how hard a species is to saw or nail.


This should only be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. Depending on where the wood is harvested the results may vary + or -. Plank construction and finish are also important factors when determining the durability and ease of maintenance of any wood floor.


Wood Species/Rating

Alder/590

Douglas Fir/660

Southern Yellow Pine (shortleaf)/690

Tamarack/800

Southern Yellow Pine (longleaf)/870

Black Cherry/950

Black Walnut/1010

Teak/1155

Heart Pine/1225

Yellow Birch/1260

Red Oak(Northern)/1260

Kimbala/1260

American Beech/1300

Ash/1320

White Oak/1360

Australian Cypress/1375

Merbau/1400

Hard maple/1450

Wenge/1630

African Pedauk/1725

Bamboo/1800

Hickory/1820

Pecan/1820

Purpleheart/1860

Jarrah/1910

Santos Mahogany/2200

Mesquite/2345

Brazilian Cherry/2820

Brazilian Teak/3540