Hardwood Glossary


 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 


A

Above-grade
Pertaining to the location of a finished floor where the floor is not in contact with the ground and which provides at least 18 inches of well ventilated space.

Adhesive
a substance that bonds the floor to the subfloor.

 

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B

Below-grade
Pertaining to the location of a finished floor that is in direct contact with the ground or with less than 18 inches of well-ventilated space.

 

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C

Combination base
a finishing molding piece used along the outer most edges of the floor where it meets the wall.

 

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D

Dimensional stability
The ability of flooring to retain its original dimensions during the service life of the product.

 

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E

Edge detail
The cutting treatment on the edge and/or end of each piece of flooring: eased edge, micro-edge or square edge are the three alternatives.

 

Engineered
Constructed from three or more plys of wood, increasing dimensional stability.

 

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F

Finish
The surface coating on pre-finished flooring. Usually either urethane or wax finish.

 

Floating
Installation method in which individual boards are glued only at edges and end joints, without direct attachment to the sublfoor.

 

Floating floor
A floor that does not need to be nailed or glued to the subfloor and can be installed over most existing floors, including concrete, ceramic, vinyl, wood and even some indoor/outdoor carpet.

 

Floor protectors
Screw-on attachments for the bottom of chair and table legs to distribute the weight of furniture evenly to reduce indentations in resilient floors. Abrasions can be prevented with unique, replaceable felt pads on the floor protectors.

 

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G


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H

 

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I

Installation level
Refers to grade levels of the installation site.

 

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J


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K


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L

 

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M

 

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N


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O

On-grade
Pertaining to the location of a finished floor with no portion below ground, and with the floor and the ground in contact or separated by less than 18 inches of well-ventilated space.

 

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P

Parquet
Inlaid woodwork in geometric forms, sometimes of contrasting woods, used in flooring. A common example is individual pickets of wood flooring, adhered together in groups of six pickets - then four picketed squares are alternately adhered to form a tile pattern.

 

Plank
Boards widths that are 3" in width or greater.

 

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Q

 

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R

Reducer strip
Molding that finishes the space between wood or laminate flooring and other flooring surfaces, like vinyl or carpet.

 

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S

Solid
Manufactured from a solid piece of wood.

 

Stair nosing
A finishing piece applied to the forward edge of stairs, step-downs and landings, creating a rounded quality finish.

 

Strip
Board widths that are 3" in width or less.

 

Subfloor
The structural layer intended to provide the home's floor support, which may receive floor coverings directly if the surface is appropriate, or indirectly via an underlayment if its surface is not suitable.

 

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T

T-Molding
Molding piece that finishes the space between two areas of wood or laminate flooring. For laminate, it also fills the gap at doorways.

 

Threshold
A finishing piece applied to the wood floor transition area where the wood transitions to another flooring level or another flooring type.

 

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U

 

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V

 

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W

Wood species
The primary species from which the wood floor is made.


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X

 

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Y

 

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Z

 

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